Grindr go brick and mortar. Key: location, fandom, Eurovision single match, sex, social websites

Creator: Jamie Halliwell (Manchester City Institution)


The annual televisual display, the Eurovision tune Contest (ESC) is actually a major international mass media function definitely a nexus around which inquiries related character exterior. This documents focuses particularly regarding the contest’s productive marketing of queer awareness, that intersects through national phase performances as well as intercontinental fan base. It untangles the relationship involving the match and its particular challenging development as a ‘gay function’ and exactly how fans were increasingly utilizing social media networks to legitimise the company’s follower and queer identities. Conventional social networking platforms, for instance Youtube and twitter are an important webpages where issues neighboring queer exposure may be indicated and constructed. These ESC lover ways include contextualised in relation to written material bordering male same-sex hook-up programs that may notify our very own information nearby queer code/space. In addition, it suggests that people self-regulate that or how they ‘come outside’ as ESC fanatics which ensures an ESC shoebox considering that the ESC are susceptible to stigmatisation in a few nationwide contexts.

Keywords and phrases: landscape, fandom, Eurovision Song match, sex, Social media

Ideas on how to Cite:

Halliwell J., (2018) “‘All varieties Everything’? Queer presence in Online and Offline Eurovision Fandom”, Westminster Papers in connection and traditions 13(2). p.113-120. doi:


The Eurovision tune Contest (ESC) has been used as a platform for celebrating the different societies dating in San Francisco and dialects that you can get around Europe (Sieg, 2012; Skey, ainsi, al., 2016); a diversity which might also be noticed in the ESC’s international group of followers. The match has regularly become a system of queer rank, make an effort to promoting the marketing of non-heterosexuality as normative on a major international degree (Bohlman, 2007; Mitrovic, 2009; Vanska, 2007). Thus, the match is highly preferred amongst LGBT customers and groups, however it is not just expressly a ‘gay event’. This newspaper states that ESC fandom happens to be a nexus where problems close queer exposure are generally shown and created. This occurs within national period performances together with the contest’s creation, but in addition within its international fandom. This document additionally discovers the manner in which the ESC is definitely held live through digital and social websites networks and how these technical mediators are being used by lovers to gain access to ESC-related ideas so to forge similar transnational networks. This permits the match to help expand improve inclusivity since it becomes available clear of the television monitor and will not fundamentally must came to personally. The ESC additionally intersects with wide troubles nearby how we reveal and situate our lover identities and sexualities with the landscape of the digital domain. They furthermore problematises the dirty relations between sexuality built diversely as gay, queer and/or prison. This document starts by checking out queer rank concerning American point activities, specifically in relation to representations in post-socialist and post-soviet nations. Such nations attempt to get American inclusion by appropriating liberal Western European attitudes on the road to a gradual LGBT national politics. Arguing the competition welcomes modern technology, social websites ways thus produce an access reason for to ESC fandom, enabling every day follower trades of knowledge that intersect with construction of sex. Last, the queering of sexuality is actually investigated a whole lot more especially pertaining to hook-up and common social websites smartphone apps and how these studies can notify analyses regarding the ESC, particularly in regards to queer code/space, before attracting results and providing methodological recommendations for analysing electronic ESC, also, addict rooms.

Eurovision as a ‘gay event’?

It can be mentioned as well about the match constructs an innovative geopolitical reasoning and rhetoric that gradual LGBT national politics is linked to within occidental improvements and representations of American modernity (Binnie and Klesse, 2011). Ukraine welcomed westernised principles of Europeanness in 2017 if you promote the whole city of Kyiv (Kiev) as a gay-friendly city during their hosting of the ESC, painting the Russian-Ukrainian ‘People’s relationship Arch’ when you look at the bow colour associated with LGBT pleasure hole (Prentice, 2017). On the flip side Russia has received a great deal intercontinental eyes due to its effective advertisement of anti-LGBT legislature, isolating alone moreover through the West (Stella, 2013). It is a stature moreover strengthened by greater news discourses, with content of placed Russia as various other with the West (Baker, 2016). However, scholars like Cassiday (2014) has argued that Russian ESC performances is read in a gay or bi-curious technique along with a camp sensibility to create ballots from the American continent. Cassiday explains just how Russia’s 2008 victor Dima Bilan turned to unbuttoning his own t-shirt during his functionality, exposing his own chiseled body, more garnering american support. Difficulties towards heteronormativity can be present via ESC it self, particularly exactly where homosexual males accessibility exclusive backstage areas while helping international buff neighborhood retailers, for example enthusiast web pages. These spots provide them with an increased level of subcultural cash and talks with ESC specialists happen to be queered when they centre on males same-sex want (Motschenbacher, 2013). These samples express different lover room where sex and follower identity are made in/visible.